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Fractures

Fractures

A fracture is the medical term for a broken bone. There are many different types of fractures.

  • Comminuted fracture: fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed
  • Complete fracture: break involving the entire width of the bone
  • Compound fracture, open fracture: bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound
  • Compression fracture: fracture in which the bone collapses (especially in short bones such as vertebrae)
  • Depressed fracture: fracture of the skull where the bone is pushed in
  • Displaced fracture: fracture in which the two ends of the broken bone are separated from one another
  • Fatigue fracture, stress fracture: fracture resulting from excessive activity rather than a specific injury
  • Capillary fracture, hairline fracture: a fracture without separation of the fragments and the line of the break being very thin
  • Incomplete fracture: fracture that does not go across the entire width of the bone
  • Impacted fracture: fracture in which one broken end is wedged into the other broken end
  • Closed fracture, simple fracture: an uncomplicated fracture in which the broken bones to not pierce the skin

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